Documents

Briefing: Urbanisation trends in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe’s urban landscape encompasses the large metropolitan areas of Harare and Bulawayo, large cities and towns, and as many as 472 small urban centres. However, explaining ‘urban’ trends in Zimbabwe is challenging, due to inconsistencies in measurement and gaps in knowledge and data, which together create uncertainty around the extent and nature of urbanisation and […]

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Addressing VAWG through coordinated urban planning

Better planning of urbanisation and infrastructure has the potential to create safer environments. However, effective operations and maintenance is essential to ensure the reliable provision of services. Street lights with no power, bus services that don’t run, no water at the standpipe all serve to increase risks. Creating an urban environment that is safe and inclusive […]

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Designing financial products for housing development

Despite the large demand for financial services among people with low income, perceived risks associated with unstable earnings, lack of credit history and limited collateral deter business innovation in this sector. The World Bank states that 2 billion people do not use formal financial services and more than 50 percent of adults in the lowest-income […]

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Role of Digital in Urban Youth Employment

Whilst digital solutions on their own cannot provide a silver bullet to youth unemployment, when viewed as part of a suite of approaches to tackling this issue, digital-focused interventions also have great potential to support the development of a vibrant, valuable youth workforce. Such interventions should be complemented by support in areas such as education […]

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Leveraging investment into low-income housing

Research highlights the provision of affordable housing, including for the lowest income groups, as an overlooked opportunity for developers and investors willing to think more creatively about the housing market. There are a number of areas where collaboration between private and community sector organisations could enable development of affordable housing, utilising the networks and resources established […]

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Digital Solutions for Procurement and Operations & Maintenance

There are growing opportunities to utilise digital solutions to solve urban service delivery challenges. Opportunities  include the potential to better plan services for citizens, improving the value for money of LGAs investments an leveraging private sector support. In 2017 the ICED programme developed a positioning paper ‘Urbanisation in a Digital World’, reviewed the potential for […]

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Enabling private investment in informal settlements

In a new in-depth study, ICED outlines how community finance organisations can help to overcome barriers to private-sector involvement in the development of informal settlements. Community finance can harness human and organisational capacity within settlements to address the difficulties and associated risks that deter lending, capital investment and large-scale delivery of infrastructure programmes. This paper […]

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Evidence: Urban Productivity linkages to economic growth

Cities are a key driver of national prosperity, producing on average more than half of GDP, even in developing countries. They do this by concentrating activity, resources and knowledge to exploit agglomeration effects and economies of scale. These effects are not always present however and can be reduced where cities to not achieve the necessary […]

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Urban Productivity linkages to economic growth

Cities are a key driver of national prosperity, producing on average more than half of GDP, even in developing countries. They do this by concentrating activity, resources and knowledge to exploit agglomeration effects and economies of scale. These effects are not always present however and can be reduced where cities to not achieve the necessary […]

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Approaches: The Facility Model

Traditionally, donor programmes have been established using a simple formula, whereby SPs estimate the total overhead for a programme through tender, against a fixed set of inputs and workplan. In these programmes, clients need to wait months or years before assistance is deployed due to procurement procedures, by which time resource allocation, costs, and plans […]

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