Afghanistan has been, and continues to be, an extremely challenging operating environment both generally, and in relation to infrastructure development. This case study seeks to draw both from the literature, and also from recent experience, to identify approaches that could result in the development and financial support for infrastructure projects having a greater chance of success.

This Somalia case study forms part of an ICED research project for DFID’s Growth and Resilience Department to investigate infrastructure programming in Fragile and Conflict Affected States, comprising case studies examining lessons learned from donor experiences in these contexts. The two further case studies on Somalia and Urban WASH programming can be found here, alongside an overall consolidated report which summarises all the findings and key learning points on infrastructure programmes for DFID and other donors.