When investing in power generation a series of trade-offs are made between Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions occurring during generation, and GHG emissions created along the energy value chain from extraction to consumption. With natural gas a key resource in many DFID-supported countries, ICED research investigated emissions trade-offs between locating a gas-fired power plant close to a gas field and then transmitting the power generated to a load centre (incurred electrical losses), versus locating the power plant close to a load centre, requiring transmission of the gas.