All Documents

Smart Infrastructure Handbook: Shelter

Shelter is a critical determinant for survival in humanitarian crises and to promote resistance to ill health and disease. Inadequate shelter and overcrowding are major factors in transmission of diseases with epidemic potential. Beyond survival, shelter is necessary to provide security, personal safety and protection from sun, rain, cold and wind. It is also important […]

Download
Case Study: Toi Market Community Savings Scheme

Toi Market is a large and vibrant trading area on the edge of the Kibera informal settlement in Nairobi. Operating since 1983, the market has expanded to occupy some 6 acres of land and has become a key supplier of fresh produce for Nairobi. As a burgeoning economic centre, the Toi Market attracted a number […]

Download
Case Study: Nairobi Railway and Community Relocation

The effective planning and delivery of vital infrastructure is central to realising the full economic potential of cities to drive growth and development. In Nairobi, improvements to the operation and safety of the rail network were impeded by large scale occupation of land along railway lines through the Mukuru and Kibera informal settlements. In 2006, […]

Download
Case Study: Thailand Government Housing Bank

Development pressure on urban sites, occupied by informal settlements, has led to a particular strategy of land sharing in Thailand. In situations where land owners decide to evict informal settlers to make way for commercial development, mediation is used to determine the division of land to allow residents to remain on site while making space […]

Download
Reducing VAWG in Land and Housing

Insecure dwellings in communities with high crime rates and few security patrols can exacerbate women’s vulnerability to burglary, theft and rape in their own homes. Recent migrants are often particularly vulnerable to attacks from strangers and are less able to seek protection from neighbours.

Download
Leveraging investment into low-income housing

Research highlights the provision of affordable housing, including for the lowest income groups, as an overlooked opportunity for developers and investors willing to think more creatively about the housing market. There are a number of areas where collaboration between private and community sector organisations could enable development of affordable housing, utilising the networks and resources established […]

Download
Enabling private investment in informal settlements

In a new in-depth study, ICED outlines how community finance organisations can help to overcome barriers to private-sector involvement in the development of informal settlements. Community finance can harness human and organisational capacity within settlements to address the difficulties and associated risks that deter lending, capital investment and large-scale delivery of infrastructure programmes. This paper […]

Download